Rangamati District (chittagong division) with an area of 6116.13 sq km, is bounded by the Tripura State of India on the north, bandarban district on the south, Mizoram State of India and Chin State of Myanmar on the east, khagrachhari and chittagong districts on the west. Annual average temperature: maximum 34.6°C, minimum 13.4°C; annual rainfall 3031 mm. Rivers are karnafuli, Thega, Horina, Kassalong, Shublang, Chingri, Rainkhiang and Kaptai.
Rangamati (Town) a municipal town, consists of 9 wards and 35 mahallas. The area of the town is 64.75 sq km. The town has a population of 65294; male 57.68%, female 42.32%. Density of population is 1008 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 60.8%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Map of Rangamati
Administration Rangamati subdivision was turned into a district in 1983. It consists of 10 upazilas, 1 municipality, 9 wards, 35 mahallas, 50 union parishads, 162 mouzas and 1347 villages. The upazilas are baghaichhari, barkal, kawkhali, belaichhari, kaptai, juraichhari, langadu, nannerchar, rajasthali and rangamati sadar.
Archaeological heritage and relics Palace, dighi and mosque of Raja Jan Bashk Khan, remnants of the residence of Raja Harish Chandra Roy and the hanging bridge.
Historical event Before the Muslim conquest Rangamati region was a contesting ground between the kings of the Tripura and the Arakan. In 1966 this region came under the Mughals. It was leased to the English East India Company in 1760-61. In 1737 one tribal leader Sher Mosta Khan took refuge with the Mughals. From this time onward the Chakmas settled in this region who were followed by other ethnic nationals.
Population 507180; male 53.59%, female 46.41%; Muslim 39.28%, Hindu 5.62%, Christian 1.12%, Buddhist 53.83%, and others 0.15%; ethnic nationals: Chakma, Bome, Chak, Khumi, Kheyang, Lusai, Mo, Murang, Panku, Santal, Manipuri.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 36.5%; male 45.8% and female 24.7%. Educational institutions: government college 2, non-government college 13, government high school 6, non-government high school 45, junior school 22, government primary school 291, non-government primary school 120, madrasa 61, technical school 7.
Cultural organisations Club 155, public library 3, cinema hall 5, officers club 2, shilpakala academy 2.
Newspapers and periodicals Dailies: Banabhumi, Gairika, Giripath, Parbatya Barta, extinct: weekly Samata.
Main occupations Agriculture 41.94%, agricultural labourer 12.06%, wage labourer 4.95%, commerce 8.22%, service 13.04%, fishing 2.02%, industry 4.57%, forestry 3.2% and others 10%.
Land use Cultivable land 12275 hectares.
Value of land Market price of cultivable land is approximately Tk. 10000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, potato, cotton, corn, mustard seed.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, pineapple, litchi, black berry.
Manufactories Major manufactories include Chandraghona Paper and Rayon Mill, Plywood Factory, Hydro-electric Project, Satellite Station at Betbunia, Ghagra Textile Mills, etc.
Cottage industries Weaving, goldsmith, blacksmith, wood work, welding, etc.
Main hats and bazars Major hats and bazars include Marisha, Dudchhari, Maini, Sublang, Rangamati, Kaptai, Bangalhalia, Roykhali, Baraichhari, Ghagda, Kawkhali, Kutubchhari, Naniarchhar, Barkal, Baghaichhari, Belaichhari, Juraichhari, Langadu, Rajasthali.
Main exports Timber, jackfruit, pineapple, forest goods.
Health centres Upazila health complex 10, union health centre 28, family planning centre 48.
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